Some dyslexics have trouble with organization of directions, instructions, etc. due to language processing issues. They can have difficulty with memorizing math facts and other rote memorization and they can have difficulty organizing their thoughts and ideas clearly when speaking and in writing.
Because dyslexic people have trouble expressing their ideas clearly, have difficulty reading and have poor spelling they often feel like they are not as smart as their classmates and friends even if they are intelligent. School is often frought with negative experiences, stress and anxiety. Children with dyslexia do not have nearly as many positive experiences or opportunities as kids without dyslexia in school, where they spend 6-7 hours a day for 12 years. School days are filled with limitless opportunities for them to fail; they fail at sounding out words or they read slowly so they only get part of an assignment done or they raise their hand to be called on only to forget their idea or have trouble saying what they mean. Other kids notice and begin to ask them about it or point it out, sometimes with malice intent, other times just because they noticed. Eventually, many kids give up trying so hard, it becomes easier for them to take themselves out of the lesson than knowing they failed again. Some kids act out because it is easier to be noticed for being a joker than having others see them fail again . Teachers have so many children to attend to that they often only see the behavior as laziness, lack of intelligence or withdrawal or nuisance--the distracting behaviors can wreak havoc in a classroom. Dyslexic kids get really good at never falling victim to being put on the spot to read in front of the class or demonstrate their failures for the teacher or classmates to see. They learn to do these things as self-preservation of their own self-confidence. Education often feeds into this deception because teachers failed to learn more about dyslexia and colleges and states failed to educate teachers better on how the brain can be wired differently and the best ways to reach and teach kids with dyslexia. Empathy and being able to see from the child's perspective is an essential element of reaching these children to help nurture their potential.
Dyslexia is a global issue, people in every country are affected by dyslexia. Some countries notice dyslexia less because their language is easier to learn, they may have fewer varying patterns or rules to apply. English is one of the hardest languages to learn but so is Chinese due to the intricate combination of strokes in each Chinese character which relies on rote memorization. Dyslexics in other countries go through the same negative feelings as kids in America do, they struggle with the same stereo-typing which tends to lower expectations and outcomes. There are many statistics that show how high the percentage is of people in jail that cannot read or write well.
There is so much wasted talent in society…those with special gifts who missed out on someone recognizing and developing their talent end up being in low paying jobs, they could have been engineers, business owners, designers, etc. All around the world though, societies are beginning to recognize that dyslexics are not the lazy, dumb folks they thought they were, that they are surprisingly intelligent. More and more successful or famous people are speaking out about their own struggles with dyslexia and sharing their successes with the world, giving hope and encouragement to children and parents. The work of Sally Shaywitz, her husband and the staff at the Yale Center for Dyslexia and Creativity have devoted themselves to doing amazing research, publishing their findings and paving the way for a better understaning of yet another subgroup in society, allowing us to learn more, accept more and alter the course of the future.
The children of today are the leaders of tomorrow.